Tuesday, June 30, 2009

Spanish Grammar

Spanish grammar
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Spanish language

Don Quixote is a recognized work in Spanish literature.
Names for the language · HistoryPronunciation · Dialects · Orthography
Grammar
Conjugation · Irregular verbs
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Spanish (español, castellano) is a language originating in North-Central Spain which is spoken throughout Spain, most countries in the Americas, the Philippines and Equatorial Guinea.
It is an inflected language, with a two-gender system and about fifty conjugated forms per verb, but without noun declension and simplified pronominal declension.
Spanish was the first of the Romance languages to have a grammar, written in 1492 by the Andalusian linguist Antonio de Nebrija.
The Real Academia Española (RAE) traditionally dictates the rules of the Spanish language.
This article first describes the most formal and standard rules of modern Spanish, and then goes on to detail idioms and colloquialisms.
Formal differences between Peninsular and American Spanish are remarkably few, and someone who has learned the dialect of one area will have no difficulties using reasonably formal speech in the other, however, pronunciation does vary.
Contents[hide]
1 Verbs
2 Adjectives
3 Determiners
3.1 Articles
3.2 Demonstratives
3.3 Possessive
3.4 Other determiners
4 Pronouns
5 Prepositions
6 Miscellaneous
6.1 Conjunctions
6.2 Cleft sentences
7 Dialectal variations
7.1 Forms of address
7.1.1 Voseo
7.1.2 Vosotros imperative: -ar for -ad
7.1.3 Superfluous -s on tú form
7.2 The imperfect subjunctive
7.3 Pronouns
7.3.1 Laísmo
7.3.2 Loísmo
7.3.3 Leísmo
7.4 Queísmo
7.5 Dequeísmo
8 External links
9 References
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